DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18257/raccefyn.799

Artículo original

Caracterización preliminar de los modos baroclínicos dominantes de un embalse tropical andino durante un período seco

Andrés Posada-Bedoya, Andrés Gómez-Giraldo, Ricardo Román Botero

Resumen


A partir de datos de campo y un modelo numérico simple, se investigaron las ondas internas   escala de cuenco en un embalse tropical andino durante un período seco. La estructura y el período de las oscilaciones baroclínicas observadas, se infirieron a partir del análisis espectral de las series de temperatura medidas y de los desplazamientos verticales de las isotermas asociadas. El modo de oscilación dominante identificado a partir de los datos de campo constaba de dos capas que oscilaban con velocidades verticales y fases contrarias (modo V2), y con un período de 24 h. Los modos baroclínicos verticales teóricos del embalse se estimaron a partir de un eigenmodelo simple, el cual predijo el período y la estructura vertical del modo dominante identificado a partir de las observaciones, indicando también que las oscilaciones de la velocidad horizontal en cada capa estaban en fase (modo V2H1) y con un período natural cercano a 24 h. El forzamiento del viento mostró una variabilidad periódica con un período dominante cercano a las 24 h, por lo que concluimos que el modo V2H1 fue el dominante durante el período analizado y sometido a excitación por resonancia con el forzamiento diurno del viento. Se modeló el embalse como un sistema lineal masa-resorte, amortiguado y forzado, con el fin de estimar la relación de amortiguamiento de las oscilaciones baroclínicas, y se obtuvieron oscilaciones subamortiguadas con una tasa de amortiguamiento similar a la reportada en otros lagos alrededor del mundo. También se investigó el potencial del modo V2H1 en la generación vertical de turbulencia debido a inestabilidades cortantes usando el número de Richardson del gradiente, y encontramos que la producción de turbulencia era baja. Por último, se discuten aquí la estructura vertical de la fase en las oscilaciones de las ondas internas y las potenciales implicaciones del campo de ondas internas en la ecología del embalse. © 2019. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Ex. Fis. Nat.


Palabras clave


Modos baroclínicos; Ondas internas; Eigenmodos; Embalse tropical Andino.

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Referencias


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