DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18257/raccefyn.481

Artículo de revisión

Patrones en la naturaleza: más que un diseño inspirador

Horacio Serna, Daniel Barragán

Resumen


En la naturaleza observamos una amplia variedad de colores, ritmos y formas, a toda escala y en sistemas animados e inanimados. Desde hace décadas los patrones y ritmos de la naturaleza han sido objeto de estudio y fuente de inspiración en el desarrollo tecnológico y en el bienestar del ser humano. Hoy entendemos que el diseño de los patrones de la naturaleza obedece a principios de funcionalidad y de eficiencia. En este artículo nos enfocamos en aspectos fisicoquímicos para mostrar cómo el estudio de los patrones espacio-temporales se convirtió en un área de gran interés e investigación en ciencias naturales. En particular, abordamos algunos sistemas donde la formación de patrones se explica mediante el acople entre procesos químicos y de transporte, tales como los jardines químicos, la precipitación periódica y los patrones de Turing. © 2017. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Ex. Fis. Nat.


Palabras clave


Turing patterns; Morphogenesis; Periodic precipitation; Energy Economy; Bio-inspired processes.

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Referencias


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